Magnus Carlsen and Hans Niemann: Chess champion accuses opponent of cheating

Magnus Carlsen claims Hans Niemann has “cheated more than he has publicly admitted”, but offers no evidence.
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Lobelia vs Phlox: What Are Their Differences?

Key Points:

  • Lobelia and phlox have similar flowers and come in many of the same colors
  • Lobelia is a tender plant and cannot withstand cold winters. Phlox is perennial to 40 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Lobelia has no fragrance, while some varieties of phlox have a strong scent.

Lobelia and phlox look very similar and are often confused with each other, especially the plant’s low-growing spreading varieties. They both come in blue, pink, red, and purple and flower in the spring. However, there are some significant differences, which we will discuss in more detail below.

Comparing Lobelia vs Phlox

Lobelia has no scent at all.

iStock.com/Nadya So

Characteristic Lobelia Phlox
Scientific Family Campanulaceae family Polemoniaceae family
Native Area South Africa North America
Flower Description Simple alternate leaves, two-lipped tube-shaped flowers with 5 lobes Oval or linear leaves. Tube-shaped flowers with 5 lobes
Flower Color blue, lavender, pink, red blue, violet, pink, red, white
Origin of Name Named after the botanist Matthias de Lobel Originates from the greek word phlox which means flame
Climate Tender, USDA hardiness zone 9-11. Winter temperatures above freezing. Hot summers Hardy perennial, USDA hardiness zone 4-8. Winter temperatures above -30 degrees Fahrenheit. Cool summers
Attractive to pollinators Attracts members of the Lepidoptera species of butterflies and moths, whose young larvae feed on the plant Attracts members of the Lepidoptera species of butterflies and moths, whose young larvae feed on the plant
Fragrance No fragrance The scent is described as similar to spicy vanilla and clove
Size Annuals are 12 inches tall. Perennials are 4 feet tall Creeping or moss phlox is 6 inches tall. Garden phlox is 3 feet tall.
Growing requirements Require an area with full sun but will tolerate partial shade. Rich, well-drained soil. 4-6 hours of direct sun Cool, sunny climates with well-watered soil. Full sun or slight shade. 6 hours of direct sun.

The Differences Between Lobelia vs Phlox

The key differences between lobelia and phlox are fragrance, climate and region, color, and size.

Lobelia vs Phlox: Fragrance

The much shorter phlox stolonifera, known as creeping phlox, stays 8 inches tall.

iStock.com/Mathisa_s

One big difference between lobelia and phlox is the scent. Lobelia has no scent at all, while some varieties of phlox do have a fragrance. Phlox smells like vanilla and clove with a hint of spice.

If you are looking for a window box plant, creeping phlox or moss phlox will drape over the side of the container and provide you with a heady scent through your open window. If you need a slightly larger plant, annual lobelia is double in height, at 12 inches tall.

Lobelia vs Phlox: Climate and Region

Lobelia has tube-shaped flowers with five lobes.

iStock.com/Imladris01

Lobelia originated from South Africa. As a result, it prefers a hot summer and a temperate winter. It does not tolerate any frost but can be grown as an annual plant if you live in a cooler climate.

Phlox is originally from North America and thrives in many diverse habitats, from tundras to prairies. It prefers a cool summer and doesn’t mind a hard frost in the winter. It is often grown as a perennial that comes back year after year.

Lobelia vs Phlox: Plant Description and Color

Phlox is originally from North America and thrives in many diverse habitats, from tundras to prairies.

iStock.com/Vitaly Shevankov

Lobelia has an alternating leaf pattern, with oval leaves and hairy stems. Phlox has an opposite leaf pattern, with oval leaves and smooth stems. Tall phlox has large sword-shaped leaves, while shorter varieties have small needle-like leaves.

In lobelia and phlox, you can find blue, purple, pink, and red flowers. Phlox also comes in white, which you can’t find in lobelia. Both plants have tube-shaped flowers with five lobes. The blooms of each are intense and brightly colored.

Lobelia vs Phlox: Size

One of the most popular varieties of lobelia is lobelia cardinalis, or cardinal flower, which grows 2-4 feet tall.

iStock.com/LailaRberg

Both phlox and lobelia are large groups of plants with hundreds of varieties, so there is sure to be a variety to fit your garden needs.

One of the most popular varieties of lobelia is lobelia cardinalis, or cardinal flower, which grows 2-4 feet tall. The popular lobelia erinus or bellflower grows 6-9 inches tall. Lobelia siphilitica, or blue lobelia, grows 2-3 feet tall.

Phlox paniculate or garden phlox grows to 3-4 feet. The much shorter phlox stolonifera, known as creeping phlox, stays 8 inches tall. Phlox subulata, or moss phlox, grows to a maximum height of only 6 inches.

All varieties of phlox and lobelia are a favorite food of butterfly and moth larvae of the Lepidoptera family, making them a great addition to any pollinator garden.

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Swoops, dives and screaming jets: Miramar air show draws grateful public

Bobby Jones wasted no time leaving his home in Moreno Valley on Saturday to head south so he could witness the finest in American military aviation up close for the first time in years.

By mid-morning he had stationed himself along the flight line at Marine Corps Air Station Miramar, where the U.S. Navy parachute team Leap Frogs were floating down from a mile up in the sky.

“I try to make it every time they have one,” he said of the 2022 MCAS Miramar Air Show, which was being held locally for the first time in three years due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Jones, who was camped on a folding chair and munching on a paper boat of french fries, said he appreciated the view more than ever.

“You can take the person out of the military, but you can’t take the military out of the person,” the retired 27-year Marine Corps veteran said. “After being in combat, you’ve seen them all. It’s nice to see the old and the new once you get out.”

Tens of thousands of people turned out for the second day of the three-day San Diego tradition.

As always, there were speeches, vendors, recruiters, food, music and an impressive display of American aeronautical achievement in the skies over Miramar and also on the ground.

This year’s theme: Marines: Fight. Evolve. Win. — a nod to the technical innovations military commanders are relying on to protect the nation into the 21st century.

“You are about to see the finest aviators in the world,” said Col. Thomas Bedell, the MCAS Miramar commanding officer told the growing crowd in his welcome address. “It takes a team.”

Elmer Rodriguez and his wife, Jennifer Martinez, brought their three children from San Ysidro to see the Blue Angels, the flight squadron famous across the world.

“The baby loves airplanes,” said Rodriguez, a warehouse worker from San Ysidro who planted himself and his family — including 2-year-old Ruby — on the tarmac beneath the wing of an F-18 Hornet to escape the sun for a few minutes. “As soon as we got here she started yelling.”

Rodiguez said he has lived in San Diego for years but never before visited the air show.

“We always hear coworkers telling us about it, so we thought it would be fun to spend the day here,” he said.

Employers seeking new recruits took advantage of the huge crowds, setting up job fairs and touting their agencies.

In addition to local organizations like the San Diego Sheriff’s Department, recruiters from the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation and police departments from Oregon, Beverly Hills and San Francisco worked to attract jobseekers.

Enterprising merchants offered everything from ball caps and T-shirts — up to $30 each — to handcrafted wooden American flags emblazoned with the phrases “1776”, “We The People” and “In God We Trust” for up to $160.

Inside Hangar 1, just north of the fun zone set up for children, vendors marketed their wares. They were promoting the latest in drones, military-themed video games and other entertainment.

Nearby, in the innovation technology exposition, students showed off the products of their robotics competitions.

Dozens of retired military aircraft were displayed on the tarmac, many roped off with signs warning visitors not to touch. But larger plans were opened, inviting people to walk inside.

Joey and Jaimee Hernandez were inside a hulking KC-135R Stratotanker with their 2-year-old, J.J.

“We love it. We come all the time,” Joey Hernandez said. “Well not all the time; the last two years it’s been canceled.”

The Scripps Ranch family said viewing the aircraft up close allows them to see what they so often hear from their house in the hills just east of the Marine Corps Air Station Miramar.

“It’s not something you normally get to see,” Joey Hernandez said.

The 2022 MCAS Miramar Air Show is free for visitors and continues Sunday, with gates opening at 8 a.m.

___

© 2022 The San Diego Union-Tribune

Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC.

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South Africa: Rolling Out Solar Power for Informal Settlements

Zonke Energy says there is an urgent need and demand outstrips supply

South Africa faces a power generation crisis. Directly related to this crisis is a chronic need for clean and safe power in informal settlements. Approximately two million households live in communities without formal grid connections.

As highlighted in GroundUp’s recent article on the Umbane project, sustaining affordable energy services in these off-grid settlements is extremely difficult, especially without any ongoing subsidy support from government. But it appears the article has generated misconceptions about our approach, and we therefore feel it important to draw attention to the broader situation and efforts to address it, while also contextualising our own challenges so that others may learn.

Zonke Energy

Zonke Energy exists to serve families with safe, reliable and affordable power. Since 2021, we have delivered over 6MWh of clean electricity to a total of 160 households in one settlement, using a prepaid no-obligation model, starting at R5 per day. Of 11 solar towers installed, all but two are sold out, requiring us to turn away prospective clients due to lack of capacity.

Community members not yet served by Zonke Energy regularly approach us, imploring that we erect more towers. The demand is huge and our current capacity to meet it is limited.

Zonke Energy’s clients do not have formal, safe access to grid electricity. Instead they rely on hazardous liquid fuels and inyokayoka (illegal) connections. Our staff have witnessed electrocutions and the after-effects of shack fires caused by tipped lanterns and poor wiring. Incidents like these initiated our drive to work in Qandu Qandu in the first place.

The Umbane Project

From prior engagement with residents, we established that there is a large unmet need for refrigeration. In a sample survey of residents, 80% desired a fridge, and 50% said their food spoils at least every other day due to a lack of refrigeration.

Fridges and freezers are expensive to run using off-grid power, due to their high energy draw, requiring large batteries, PV panels, and electronics. However, by putting the fridge to productive use, its running costs can be offset with income from small enterprise activities such as selling cool drinks, meat or other products. So the Umbane project set out to find a way to make off-grid refrigeration more cost effective, while also cultivating a model for women-led entrepreneurship.

Seven solar towers were installed to power fridges and serve 100 households in the wider community. Each tower can power up to 16 households. Including four solar towers previously in service, a total of roughly 160 households in Qandu Qandu now use Zonke Energy.

For an upfront joining fee of R400, Zonke Energy installs R3,000 worth of equipment in the client’s home, including indoor lights, an outdoor security light, plug box, and distribution cabling.

Customers pay for electricity at a daily rate with no long-term obligations. The majority of these households pay only R5 per day for lights and phone charging, offsetting up to 8 litres of lighting paraffin per household per month, and dramatically reducing hazardous black carbon. The towers are 100% renewable, further offsetting carbon emissions.

Entrepreneurship training and its challenges

As part of the Umbane project, dozens of initial participants took part in a six-week entrepreneurship training course. From the initial group, 20 received additional mentorship, but this free service did not include money to assist participants in starting a business, and no such promise was made. The project did, however, offer subsidised access to a fridge, as well as a six-month payment plan (the fridges would otherwise have cost 40% more).

During a recent project evaluation conducted by the team, several participants reported that their start-ups were improving and sales were growing, with one claiming a tripling of revenue.

However, the project has of course not been without its challenges. First, despite our efforts at clear communication (using meetings, staff visits, calls, pamphlets, SMS, and WhatsApp), some misunderstandings about the energy service and pricing have surfaced. We met with each individual participant on a regular basis to answer questions and clarify how the service works.

Second, affordability has been difficult for some participants despite the business opportunity. Our first step to address this was to waive the joining fee. Then, in March we introduced a new business package at R14 per day, powering lights and phone charging in addition to the refrigerator. This price, while still high compared to grid costs (which they are unable to access), is competitive with the clients’ current alternatives.

For example, it is common to pay upwards of R300 per month to a neighbouring formal house for a backyard connection, plus R500-R800 for cable to reach the dwelling. In contrast, our service is safe and comes with support (we employ technical maintenance from within the community).

Further, it should be noted that indigent families with formal grid connections can access the Free Basic Electricity (FBE) subsidy, while off-grid households cannot. To its credit, the City of Cape Town recognises the issue and is discussing solutions. Such programmes are critically needed to open affordability up to more households.

We are working with all the participants to ensure that everyone benefits. We are active at this site and will continue to clear up misunderstandings and mismatched expectations.